POWER AND POWER FACTOR
It is common to use mechanical kW to indicate the engine power but for alternators there are two ways to indicate power:
kW (active power) and kVA (apparent power). The ration of these two is the Power factor
kW = kVA x P.F.
What does Power Factor mean?
In a DC circuit the power in Watts is a product of Voltage x Current.
In an AC circuit the Active power is not always the product of Voltage x Current. It is related to the Power factor, which depends on the type of load (see Load Types):
The relationship is: Watts (W) = Volts (U) x Amps (I) x P.F (single phase
Watts (W) = √3 x (U) x O P.F. (three phase)
P.F. = = Watts ÷ Volts x Amps
or kW ÷ kVA
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